Record Information
Version 1.0
Update Date 1/22/2018 12:54:54 PM
Metabolite IDPAMDB000441
Name: Aminoacetone
Description:Threonine dehydrogenase catalyzes the oxidation of threonine by NAD+ to glycine and acetyl-CoA (5), but when the ratio acetyl-CoA/CoA increases in nutritional deprivation (e.g., in diabetes) the enzyme produces AA. (Chem. Res. Toxicol., 14 (9), 1323 -1329, 2001);
  • 1-Amino-(8CI,9CI)-2-propanone
  • 1-Amino-2-propanone
  • 1-Aminopropan-2-one
  • a-Aminoacetone
  • Alpha-Aminoacetone
  • Amino-(6CI)-2-propanone
  • Amino-2-propanone
  • α-Aminoacetone
Chemical Formula: C3H7NO
Average Molecular Weight: 73.0938
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight: 73.052763851
CAS number: 298-08-8
IUPAC Name:1-aminopropan-2-one
Traditional IUPAC Name: α-aminoacetone
Chemical Taxonomy
Taxonomy DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as alpha-amino ketones. These are ketones containing a carboxylic acid, and an amine group attached to the alpha carbon atom relative to C=O group.
Kingdom Organic compounds
Super ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Class Carbonyl compounds
Sub ClassKetones
Direct Parent Alpha-amino ketones
Alternative Parents
  • Alpha-aminoketone
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary amine
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Amine
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular Framework Aliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
State: Solid
Melting point: Not Available
Experimental Properties:
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility528.0 mg/mLALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)17.3ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)7.84ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area43.09 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity19.55 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability7.71 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations: Cytoplasm
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MSNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-00di-9000000000-11399cdd8e4f4b0b0a0aView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-05fr-9000000000-a82e70bf32acfda0125fView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-9000000000-b3cd82ec754798e33b8bView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-00di-9000000000-1c501c72ceda6ba07e56View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-00di-9000000000-d7cb45a11c770b6c8611View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0kml-9000000000-b2494e27f62747d5ed80View in MoNA
  • Dutra F, Knudsen FS, Curi D, Bechara EJ: Aerobic oxidation of aminoacetone, a threonine catabolite: iron catalysis and coupled iron release from ferritin. Chem Res Toxicol. 2001 Sep;14(9):1323-9. Pubmed: 11559049
  • Kanehisa, M., Goto, S., Sato, Y., Furumichi, M., Tanabe, M. (2012). "KEGG for integration and interpretation of large-scale molecular data sets." Nucleic Acids Res 40:D109-D114. Pubmed: 22080510
  • Karge E, Klinger W: [Effect of the pH value on the dissociation of the aminoketones delta-aminolevulinic acid and aminoacetone by extraction with ether and dichlormethane] Z Med Lab Diagn. 1981;22(6):358-9. Pubmed: 7342529
  • Kazachkov M, Yu PH: A novel HPLC procedure for detection and quantification of aminoacetone, a precursor of methylglyoxal, in biological samples. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2005 Sep 25;824(1-2):116-22. Pubmed: 16046286
  • Keseler, I. M., Collado-Vides, J., Santos-Zavaleta, A., Peralta-Gil, M., Gama-Castro, S., Muniz-Rascado, L., Bonavides-Martinez, C., Paley, S., Krummenacker, M., Altman, T., Kaipa, P., Spaulding, A., Pacheco, J., Latendresse, M., Fulcher, C., Sarker, M., Shearer, A. G., Mackie, A., Paulsen, I., Gunsalus, R. P., Karp, P. D. (2011). "EcoCyc: a comprehensive database of Escherichia coli biology." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D583-D590. Pubmed: 21097882
  • Thiele I, Swainston N, Fleming RM, Hoppe A, Sahoo S, Aurich MK, Haraldsdottir H, Mo ML, Rolfsson O, Stobbe MD, Thorleifsson SG, Agren R, Bolling C, Bordel S, Chavali AK, Dobson P, Dunn WB, Endler L, Hala D, Hucka M, Hull D, Jameson D, Jamshidi N, Jonsson JJ, Juty N, Keating S, Nookaew I, Le Novere N, Malys N, Mazein A, Papin JA, Price ND, Selkov E Sr, Sigurdsson MI, Simeonidis E, Sonnenschein N, Smallbone K, Sorokin A, van Beek JH, Weichart D, Goryanin I, Nielsen J, Westerhoff HV, Kell DB, Mendes P, Palsson BO: A community-driven global reconstruction of human metabolism. Nat Biotechnol. 2013 Mar 3. doi: 10.1038/nbt.2488. Pubmed: 23455439
  • van der Werf, M. J., Overkamp, K. M., Muilwijk, B., Coulier, L., Hankemeier, T. (2007). "Microbial metabolomics: toward a platform with full metabolome coverage." Anal Biochem 370:17-25. Pubmed: 17765195
  • Winder, C. L., Dunn, W. B., Schuler, S., Broadhurst, D., Jarvis, R., Stephens, G. M., Goodacre, R. (2008). "Global metabolic profiling of Escherichia coli cultures: an evaluation of methods for quenching and extraction of intracellular metabolites." Anal Chem 80:2939-2948. Pubmed: 18331064
Synthesis Reference: Turner, J. M. Aminoacetone production by microorganisms. Biochemical Journal (1966), 98(1), 7P.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) Not Available
External Links:
Pubchem Compound ID215
Kegg IDC01888
ChemSpider ID210
Ligand ExpoGLM